Dhaka (Formerly known as Dacca) is the capital city of Bangladesh. It is the tenth largest city in the world, with a population of more than 18 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area. Dhaka is one of the major cities of South Asia, being Bangladesh’s seat of government and an important financial and cultural center, alongside Chittagong. It stands on the east bank of the Buriganga River in the central Bengal delta. Dhaka was historically called the City of Mosques and the Venice of the East. It is also known as the Rickshaw Capital of the World, due to its daily traffic of over 600,000 cycle rickshaws.
Dhaka is the administrative seat of an eponymous division and district. The Old City of Dhaka served as the Mughal capital of Bengal in the 17th century. It grew into a worldwide trading center, particularly for its famed muslin industry. After a period of decline under British rule, the modern city began to develop in the late-19th century. Dhaka was the capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam between 1905 and 1911. It was the administrative capital of East Pakistan after the Partition of British India in 1947. During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, Dhaka emerged as the capital of an independent Bangladesh.
Modern Dhaka is one of the fastest growing megacities in the world. It has a diverse economy, a high literacy rate and rapidly developing infrastructure. Dhaka has seen increased foreign direct investment, leading to greater volumes of trade and commerce. Its transport system is undergoing major redevelopments, with the construction of a metro system, an elevated expressway and the Hatirjheel canal and bypass project. Dhaka’s acclaimed landmarks include its modernist National Capital Complex, leading museums and art galleries, the Lalbagh Fort and historic buildings in the Old City.